Narrative for Pecha Kucha
1. In the early 1980s, technology and education were two words rarely used together. Classrooms were standard, simply containing desks and a chalkboard. Research for school projects was done at the local library using encyclopedias and the Dewey Decimal System. As Abraham Lincoln said, “The things I want to know are in books”. During this time, the main source of knowledge was books, whether they were paperback or hardback.
2. During this time, the writing process was also fairly basic due to the minimal existence of technology. Paper and pencil were typically used to write. Typewriters were used by some, though they were expensive to own at that time. Some typewriters were so “advanced” that if a typing error was made, it could be erased with a simple button. This shows that, as Bush said, “There are signs of a change as new and powerful instrumentalities come into use”.
3. In the mid to late 1980s, word processors became popular. Although their functionality was basic at best, word processors were considered a technological advance for that time period, or machine intelligence, but in the most basic form, especially compared to present day. Word processors were used to either type documents so that they were neat and legible, or to play games, such as Pacman, as this was their maximum potential. They didn’t necessarily “think”.
4. In the late 1980s, overhead projectors came into use in classrooms. Overhead projectors are machines that project an image onto a larger platform, such as a white board, or even a wall, so that its image is magnified. This was also considered a big technological advance for that time. This shows that, as Gee said, “there is an alternate way to think about learning”.
5. During the late 1980s, the concept of the internet was born. Instead of using a pen and paper to write, people were beginning to use computers. Instead of going to the local library, people began to use the internet for research. Not only was it more efficient, it was also fairly easy to use; all that was needed was a dial-up modem. Everything you could ever want and need could be found with the click of a mouse. As a result, as Gee says, “the idea of books is changing.” Books began publishing in digital format, instead of print.
Dana – Image – 1. “All too often, when schools mandate the use of a specific technology, teachers are left without the tools (and often skills) to effectively integrate the new capabilities into their teaching methods,” (David Nagel)
– and I collaborated this images above to show what type of technologies teachers usually have available to them and they rarely get the training needed to use the new technologies the right way in the classroom.
Image 2. “Because of the tension between print and digital forms, the idea of the book is changing.” (bolter)
– and around this time when print was a main focus it gave students something to acutally hold and look through and flip, now they have e-texts or just google so students don’t have to really go in and get the knowledge its a quick touch of a button and a quick search and the information is there.
Image 3. “Increasingly literacy educators have recognized that Americans need help as they prepare to face the technological challenges of the next century that the primary battles of the computer revolution are far from over.” (Selfe)
– this caught my eye because yes it was an older text, but it when we were younger and didn’t have all this technology we wrote correctly for the most part we didn’t abbreviate words or turn phrases into acronyms. We didn’t change words for example this into dis. And we read things that aren’t correct and are okay with it.
Image 4. “Even a decade ago, the idea of machine intelligence provoked sharp debate. Today, the controversy about computers does not turn on their capacity for intelligence but on their capacity for life.” (Turkle, S.)
– technology was created to better intelligence and to use it for research, today the students and even teachers now use computers more for social interaction, than intellectual.
Image 5. – The traditional classroom has changed and will continue to change, and we as future educators need to make sure we are ready to train and use the new technologies that will come our way.
Hailey: Slide one: A composition notebook/computer in classroom image
-Went from literally writing everything in this little notebook to nice lined paper, to making it really special by typing it on the computer.
– Presently the act of writing is foreign to people. Now they just type everything. I think the people in my generation were the last to actually write papers.
– Will the act of writing become dated? The hardest part of the praxis was the cursive part in the beginning where I had to copy a short paragraph, saying I wouldn’t pass on any questions or answers from the test.
1) Slide 2: Classroom with a computer or mavis beacon typing game image
“The internet links millions of people in new spaces that are changing the way we think and the way we form our communities.” (Sherry Turkle Who am We) (Slide 2)
-This goes for education as well. When we first started working with computers in school we had actual computer class where we learned to type through fun games and timed races.
– Computers are more engaging , changing the way teachers approach teaching and students approach learning.
2) Slide 3: Global Brain Image
“An essential part of Web 2.0 is harnessing collective intelligence, turning the web into a kind of global brain.” (What is Web 2.0, O’Reilly) (Slide 3)
-Students no longer have to rely solely on the teacher to give them information
-Students are able to get the perspectives of individuals all around the world. For example, students can get the thoughts and feelings the Japanese have on the Pearl Harbor topic, they aren’t just limited to the American view.
-Way more workshoping/feedback opportunities from writers of all sorts not just those one is surrounded by.
3) Slide 4: The projector/whiteboard/chalkboard Image
“In the modern world, print literacy is not enough.” “If learning is to be active, it must involve experiencing the world in new ways.” (Gee, Back to Pikmin: Critical Learning) (Slide 4)
-Literacy is thought to be just reading a book but its SO much more than that. Its about communication. With technology we are learning that we can communicate through more than just writing, but with sound, and images as well. Many times all domains are connected, broadening our idea or definition of literacy/writing.
-More than one type of learner, computers offer a way of engaging learners that aren’t note takers
4) Slide 5: Cup with inner tube image
“My mind now expects to take in information the way the Net distributes it: in a swiftly moving stream of particles.” (Is Google Making us Stupid? Nicholas Carr) (Slide 5)
-The way we receive information is instantaneous. Research isn’t really required. If we want to know something, all we have to do is look it up and bam, we’ve got the answer. There is no reason to further our exploration of a topic if all we have to do is google the answer. Where is the deeper thinking? http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2008/07/is-google-making-us-stupid/306868/
1. “by requiring them to post thick tweets and by encouraging them to pack multiple layers of information within 140 characters or less, i’m trying to teach my students how to craft creative, meaty, and to-the-point messages that attract other people’s attention.” (difference in thick and thin tweets, Silver)
****slide one- social media sites have made it so easy for students today to keep in touch with the news, with just one touch of a button students can see news from all over the world that is currently trending and gets straight to the point****
2.A new distribution-and-display technology is nudging the book aside and catapulting images, and especially moving images, to the center of the culture. (idea lab, kevin kelly)
****slide two- seen here are two of our fellow students using their macs to do research for our group projects. Just 15 years ago we wouldve had to crack open a book and find information that way.****
3. Virtual tools and open-source software create borderless learning territories for students of all ages, anytime and anywhere. (education week professional development, Barnett Berry)
****slide three- youtube is a great source for learning. Many use it just to search funny videos, like “what does the fox say?”, but it can also used for educational videos posted by users like kahn academy****
4.With the steady advance of new ways to share, the Web has embedded itself into every class, occupation, and region. (we are the web, kevin kelly)
****slide four- google docs allows for multiple users in different locations to work on one document. this is a great way of collaboration and example why most teachers push for the use of ipads in every classroom.****
5.****slide five-with the grow of technology, most book publishers are no longer making hard copies of their text books. For now on it will be cheaper to be a copy of your text book as an ebook, than it would be as a physical hard copy. ****
katie r’s work citied
Berry, Teaching 2030: What We Must Do for Our Students and Our Public Schools—Now and in the Future, New York: Teachers College Press, ©2011 by Teachers College, Columbia University
Kelly, Kevin. (2008, November 21). Becoming screen literate. The New York Times.
Kelly, K. (Aug 2005). We Are the Web. Wired.
Silver, D. (2009, February 25). The difference between thin and think tweets. Silver in SF.